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Gum Disease Treatments

Gum disease describes swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease.

Gum Disease range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease that results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. In the worst cases, teeth are lost.

What causes gum disease?

Our mouths are full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form “tartar” that brushing doesn’t clean. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar.

Gingivitis

The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harmful they become. The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums that is called “gingivitis.” In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily.

Periodontitis

When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to “periodontitis” (which means “inflammation around the tooth”). In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces (called “pockets”) that become infected.

Risk Factors 

·        Smoking.  is one of the most significant risk factors

·        Hormonal changes in girls/women. 

·        Diabetes.

·        Other illnesses and their treatments.  such as AIDS

·        Medications. 

·        Genetic susceptibility. Some people are more prone to severe gum disease than others.

 

Symptoms of gum disease include:

·        Bad breath that won’t go away

·        Red or swollen gums

·        Tender or bleeding gums

·        Loose teeth

·        Sensitive teeth

·        Receding gums or longer appearing teeth

 

Gum Disease Treatment

·         Deep Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing)

·        Medications

 

·        Surgical Treatments